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Health Tip: Caring for a Minor Burn

(HealthDay News) -- Most minor burns can be cared for at home without requiring a trip to the emergency room.

Each year, more than 500,000 people seek help for minor household burns, the U.S. National Institutes of Health says.

The severity of a burn depends on the area it covers and how deep the damage goes. First-degree burns affect only the thin top layer of skin. Second-degree burns include the thick lower layer of skin. A third-degree burn is the most serious; it penetrates the entire depth of skin, permanently destroying it and the tissue that's underneath.

See a doctor if the burn is dark red and looks glossy and blistery. These are signs of a second-degree burn. Get immediate treatment if the skin is dry and leathery, with white, brown or black patches. These are signs of third-degree burn.

To treat minor burns, the NIH suggests:

  • Immerse the area in fresh, cool water, or apply a cool compress for 10 minutes.
  • Dry the area with a clean cloth and cover with sterile gauze or a non-adhesive bandage.
  • Don't apply butter, which could trigger an infection.
  • Don't break or pop blisters.
  • OTC pain medication may be used to help reduce inflammation and pain.

Copyright © 2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved. URL:http://consumer.healthday.com/Article.asp?AID=734430

Resources from HONselect: HONselect is the HON's medical search engine. It retrieves scientific articles, images, conferences and web sites on the selected subject.
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The list of medical terms above are retrieved automatically from the article.

Disclaimer: The text presented on this page is not a substitute for professional medical advice. It is for your information only and may not represent your true individual medical situation. Do not hesitate to consult your healthcare provider if you have any questions or concerns. Do not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting a qualified healthcare professional.
Be advised that HealthDay articles are derived from various sources and may not reflect your own country regulations. The Health On the Net Foundation does not endorse opinions, products, or services that may appear in HealthDay articles.


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