bannerHON
img
HONnews
HONnews
img PATIENT / PARTICULIER img PROFESSIONNEL DE SANTE img WEBMESTRE img
img
 
img
HONcode sites
Khresmoi - new !
HONselect
News
Conferences
Images

Themes:
A B C D E F G H I
J K L M N O P Q
R S T U V W X Y Z
Browse archive:
2018: S A J J M A M F J
2017: D N O S

 
  Other news for:
Child Psychology
Child
Pain
 Resources from HONselect
When Kids Expect a Needle to Hurt, It Does

By Steven Reinberg

WEDNESDAY, May 30, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- When it comes to kids and medical procedures like needles, expectation is everything.

If they think the shot will hurt, it probably will, a new study finds. On the flip side, if they're coaxed not to expect a lot of pain, they may feel it less.

"We know that expectation affects pain experience in adults; we don't know whether this is also true for children," said study author Kalina Michalska, a psychologist at the University of California, Riverside.

In real-life terms, distracting children beforehand has value, the researchers said. For example, telling them, "This is going to feel like a branch scraping against your skin" may be less frightening than saying, "This is going to hurt."

The study involved 48 children (27 of whom had an anxiety disorder) and 25 adults. Michalska's team applied heat to the participants and asked them to rate levels of pain as low, medium or high. High was about the temperature of very warm tap water.

The experiment, however, used only one temperature, the one rated as medium. The difference was the cues participants heard before the heat was applied. One tone meant low heat, the other high.

Surprisingly, all three groups had a similar relationship between pain expectation and feeling -- for example, if they heard cues for high pain, they reported it, even though the actual pain level was only medium. Michalska's group had expected the strongest reaction among the anxious children, followed by healthy children, then adults.

"We took great care to reassure children and make them feel comfortable. There were always two experimenters in the room with them and a nurse who saw them before and after to ensure they were OK," Michalska said in a university news release. "We did not take as great a precaution with adults."

Despite this reassurance, the study showed that pain expectation significantly affects pain experience, she said.

"What we learn is that both healthy and anxious children's experience of pain is influenced by what they are told about it. If we tell them they will experience a lot of pain -- or they tell themselves this -- they will actually experience more pain and greater negative emotions as a consequence," Michalska said.

The report was published online May 30 in the journal Psychosomatic Medicine.

More information

The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends ways to make vaccines less painful.

SOURCE: University of California, Riverside, news release, May 30, 2018

Copyright © 2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved. URL:http://consumer.healthday.com/Article.asp?AID=734326

Resources from HONselect: HONselect is the HON's medical search engine. It retrieves scientific articles, images, conferences and web sites on the selected subject.
Pain
Needles
Adult
Affect
Psychology
Emotions
Cues
The list of medical terms above are retrieved automatically from the article.

Disclaimer: The text presented on this page is not a substitute for professional medical advice. It is for your information only and may not represent your true individual medical situation. Do not hesitate to consult your healthcare provider if you have any questions or concerns. Do not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting a qualified healthcare professional.
Be advised that HealthDay articles are derived from various sources and may not reflect your own country regulations. The Health On the Net Foundation does not endorse opinions, products, or services that may appear in HealthDay articles.


Home img About us img MediaCorner img HON newsletter img Site map img Ethical policies img Contact