|Female Reproductive System: Internal Organs|
The main internal female genital organs
and their functions are explained briefly below:
- The vagina is the passageway through which
fluid passes out of the body during . It is also called the birth canal .
The vagina connects the cervix (the opening of the womb, or uterus )
and the (the external genitalia).
- The uterus , also called the womb ,
is a hollow, pear-shaped organ located in a woman's lower abdomen, between
the bladder and the rectum. The main parts of the uterus are:
- Cervix . The narrow, lower portion
of the uterus.
- Corpus . The broader, upper part of
- Myometrium . The outer layer of the
corpus; the muscle that expands during pregnancy to hold the growing
- Endometrium . The inner lining of the uterus.
- The ovaries are female reproductive organs
located in the pelvis. There are two of them, one on each side
of the uterus. The ovaries produce eggs and the oestrogen and progesterone. Oestrogen and progesterone
control the development of female body characteristics in
(i.e., breasts, body shape and body hair), and regulate the until as well as .
- The fallopian tubes are 2 extensions from
the upper left and right hand sides of the uterus to each of the 2 ovaries.
Each ovum released by the ovaries in its 28 day cycle drops into the
enlarged end of the fallopian tube nearest it, and is propelled along
by cilia on the fallopian tube wall in the hope of meeting
sperm and thus become .
The information in this page is presented in summarised form and has been taken
from the following source(s):
Motherisk, The Hospital for Sick Children:
(def;articles & more)