bannerHON
img
HONnews
HONnews
img PATIENT / PARTICULIER img PROFESSIONNEL DE SANTE img WEBMESTRE img
img
 
img
HONcode sites
Khresmoi - new !
HONselect
News
Conferences
Images

Themes:
A B C D E F G H I
J K L M N O P Q
R S T U V W X Y Z
Browse archive:
2019: J J M A M F J
2018: D N O S A J

 
  Other news for:
Diabetes Mellitus
Hypertension
Obesity
Smoking Cessation
 Resources from HONselect
Smoking, Diabetes May Be Especially Risky for Women's Hearts

By Robert Preidt

THURSDAY, Nov. 8, 2018 (HealthDay News) -- Smoking, diabetes, high blood pressure: all bad for the heart, but perhaps worse for women's hearts than men's, new research shows.

Looking at data on 472,000 Britons ages 40 to 69, researchers found that all three of these heart disease risk factors increased the odds of heart attack for both sexes.

But the rise in risk went even higher for women than men.

For example, while male smokers had more than twice the risk of heart attack than men who had never smoked, women smokers had more than three times the risk of heart attack than those who had never smoked, the study found.

The same trend held for high blood pressure and diabetes, according to the team led by Elizabeth Millett of the University of Oxford. High blood pressure was tied to a more than 80 percent higher risk for heart attack risk in women than in men; type 1 diabetes was associated with an almost three times higher risk in women than in men; and type 2 diabetes with a 47 percent higher risk in women than in men.

One risk factor -- overweight or obesity -- was associated with similar increases in heart attack risk in women and men, the researchers reported Nov. 7 in The BMJ.

"Overall, more men experience heart attacks than women," Millett, an epidemiologist at Oxford's George Institute for Global Health, said in a university news release. "However, several major risk factors increase the risk in women more than they increase the risk in men, so women with these factors experience a relative disadvantage."

Two cardiologists in the United States said the findings highlight that heart disease is certainly not a "males-only" disease.

"What makes this study important, is that over half of the studied population was female -- most cardiovascular studies have a male majority," noted Dr. Satjit Bhursri, who practices at Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City.

"It is also true that women are less likely to get similar screen and prevention interventions than men," he said. "This study brings to light the importance that screening for cardiovascular disease is universal, as are the outcomes."

Dr. Cindy Grines directs cardiology at Long Island Jewish Medical Center in New Hyde Park, N.Y. She stressed that heart disease remains the No. 1 killer of American women, especially as the natural cardio-protective effects of estrogen fades after menopause.

What the new study "means is that traditional risk factors such as high blood pressure, smoking and diabetes need to be addressed as soon as possible," even before menopause, Grines said.

Millett agreed.

"These findings highlight the importance of raising awareness around the risk of heart attack women face, and ensuring that women as well as men have access to guideline-based treatments for diabetes and high blood pressure, and to resources to help them stop smoking," she said.

More information

The U.S. Office on Women's Health has more on women and heart attack.

SOURCES: Satjit Bhusri, M.D., cardiologist, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York City; Cindy Grines, M.D.,chair, cardiology,North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, N.Y. and Long Island Jewish Medical Center, New Hyde Park, N.Y.; University of Oxford, The George Institute for Global Health, news release, Nov. 7, 2018

Copyright © 2018 HealthDay. All rights reserved. URL:http://consumer.healthday.com/Article.asp?AID=739453

Resources from HONselect: HONselect is the HON's medical search engine. It retrieves scientific articles, images, conferences and web sites on the selected subject.
Women
Heart
Risk
Smoking
Men
Hypertension
Blood
Risk Factors
Heart Diseases
The list of medical terms above are retrieved automatically from the article.

Disclaimer: The text presented on this page is not a substitute for professional medical advice. It is for your information only and may not represent your true individual medical situation. Do not hesitate to consult your healthcare provider if you have any questions or concerns. Do not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting a qualified healthcare professional.
Be advised that HealthDay articles are derived from various sources and may not reflect your own country regulations. The Health On the Net Foundation does not endorse opinions, products, or services that may appear in HealthDay articles.


Home img About us img MediaCorner img HON newsletter img Site map img Ethical policies img Contact