bannerHON
img
HONnews
HONnews
img PATIENT / PARTICULIER img PROFESSIONNEL DE SANTE img WEBMESTRE img
img
 
img
HONcode sites
Khresmoi - new !
HONselect
News
Conferences
Images

Themes:
A B C D E F G H I
J K L M N O P Q
R S T U V W X Y Z
Browse archive:
2017: N O S A J J M A M F J
2016: D N

 
  Other news for:
Tendon Injuries
Child Development
Child
Parenting
Scoliosis
 Resources from HONselect
Scoliosis Screenings Can Help Catch Spine Problem Early
Treatments vary, depending on severity of the condition

By Mary Elizabeth Dallas

TUESDAY, Oct. 17, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Routine screenings for scoliosis, or curvature of the spine, help ensure the condition doesn't take a toll on children's health and self-esteem, according to an orthopedic specialist.

One out of every 25 children develops scoliosis, says Dr. Scott Sorenson, a pediatric orthopedic surgeon at Penn State Children's Hospital in Hershey, Pa. The condition usually occurs when kids reach their preteen years but it can happen in babies or toddlers. It's unclear what causes scoliosis but genetics may play a role, he added.

Girls are more often affected than boys. As a result, the Scoliosis Research Society recommends that girls be screened twice for scoliosis and boys screened once during their developing years.

Screening for scoliosis typically involves examining the back and looking for asymmetry, such as a shoulder or hip that is higher than the other. One side of the chest may also be more prominent, Sorenson explained.

"Initially, it's more of a physical observation," Sorenson said in a hospital news release. "They don't usually complain of pain."

Scoliosis can range from mild to severe. X-rays can reveal the severity of the curvature. Mild cases of scoliosis typically don't affect people's health or limit their activity.

Very severe cases could lead to reduced lung or heart function. Severe scoliosis can also increase children's risk for arthritis and take a toll on their self-esteem, Sorenson said.

Treatment for scoliosis depends on the severity of the condition and the age of the patient.

The only treatment needed for spinal curves of less than 25 degrees is observation. Curves between 25 and 45 degrees usually require children to wear a brace for at least 13 hours each day for one or two years. This helps prevent the curve from getting worse or affecting growth. Surgery is usually considered once spinal curves reach 50 degrees, Sorenson said.

"That's the point where we'll usually see the curvature continue to increase no matter how mature your bones are," he said. "Plus, it's easier and safer to fix a 50-degree curve than one that is 80 degrees."

During scoliosis surgery, doctors realign the bones by placing screws at each level of the spine needing correction. These screws are attached to rods running along each side of the spine.

"Usually it occurs in the thoracic spine where your ribs are, so it's not a huge deal to fuse because that's already a pretty rigid part of the spine," Sorenson said. "If we have to go lower in the back, it can affect motion and bending."

Younger children are often placed in a full-torso cast that is changed every few months for up to 18 months. Preteens tend to grow too fast for their bones to be fused so surgeons may opt for a new technique that involves implanting growing rods along their spine.

Sorenson noted that while yoga, physical therapy and chiropractic care have some benefits, these treatments don't reverse or treat scoliosis. "Those are all very important for helping with your posture, strength and overall conditioning," he said. "But none of them have been scientifically proven to alter the course of scoliosis."

More information

The U.S. National Library of Medicine provides more information on scoliosis.

SOURCE: Penn State Health, news release, Oct. 5, 2017

Copyright © 2017 HealthDay. All rights reserved. URL:http://consumer.healthday.com/Article.asp?AID=727364

Resources from HONselect: HONselect is the HON's medical search engine. It retrieves scientific articles, images, conferences and web sites on the selected subject.
Scoliosis
Spine
Mass Screening
Therapeutics
Bone and Bones
Affect
Back
Wounds and Injuries
The list of medical terms above are retrieved automatically from the article.

Disclaimer: The text presented on this page is not a substitute for professional medical advice. It is for your information only and may not represent your true individual medical situation. Do not hesitate to consult your healthcare provider if you have any questions or concerns. Do not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting a qualified healthcare professional.
Be advised that HealthDay articles are derived from various sources and may not reflect your own country regulations. The Health On the Net Foundation does not endorse opinions, products, or services that may appear in HealthDay articles.


Home img About us img MediaCorner img HON newsletter img Site map img Ethical policies img Contact