bannerHON
img
HONnews
HONnews
img PATIENT / PARTICULIER img PROFESSIONNEL DE SANTE img WEBMESTRE img
img
 
img
HONcode sites
Khresmoi - new !
HONselect
News
Conferences
Images

Themes:
A B C D E F G H I
J K L M N O P Q
R S T U V W X Y Z
Browse archive:
2017: D N O S A J J M A M F J
2016: D

 
  Other news for:
Blindness
Eye Diseases
 Resources from HONselect
Successful Guide Dogs Come From 'Tough Love' Moms
Doting doesn't help pups pass the test, study finds

By Robert Preidt

MONDAY, Aug. 7, 2017 (HealthDay News) -- Newborn puppies whose mothers let them struggle a little are more likely to succeed in guide dog training than those with doting moms, a new study suggests.

"It's remarkable," said study leader Emily Bray, who recently earned a Ph.D. in psychology at the University of Pennsylvania. "It seems that puppies need to learn how to deal with small challenges at this early age and, if they don't, it hurts them later."

The study included 23 mothers and their 98 puppies at The Seeing Eye, an organization in Morristown, N.J., that breeds, raises and trains dogs to guide blind people.

The researchers watched how mothers and pups interacted for the puppies' first five weeks of life. They took note of the mother's nursing position, how often she looked away from her pups, and how much time she spent nearby or licking and grooming them.

Following up later, the researchers discovered that dogs with doting mothers were less likely than those whose moms were less attentive to graduate from the training program and become guide dogs.

In particular, dogs whose mothers nursed more often lying down -- rather than sitting or standing up -- were less likely to succeed, according to the study published Aug. 7 in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

"If a mother is lying on her stomach, the puppies basically have free access to milk, but if the mother is standing up, then the puppies have to work to get it," study co-author Robert Seyfarth said in a university news release. He is a professor of psychology at Penn.

"A hypothesis might be that you have to provide your offspring with minor obstacles that they can overcome for them to succeed later in life because, as we know, life as an adult involves obstacles," he added.

The mothers' influence on the pups was profound, according to study leader Bray.

"These puppies were with their mom for only five weeks, and it's having an effect on their success two years later," she said in the news release.

The study also linked dogs' thinking and temperament to their performance in training, identifying specific tests that predicted their likelihood of success. The researchers said the results suggest ways guide-dog training organizations might better identify which animals make the best training candidates.

More information

The American Foundation for the Blind has more on guide dogs.

SOURCE: University of Pennsylvania, news release, Aug. 7, 2017

Copyright © 2017 HealthDay. All rights reserved. URL:http://consumer.healthday.com/Article.asp?AID=725266

Resources from HONselect: HONselect is the HON's medical search engine. It retrieves scientific articles, images, conferences and web sites on the selected subject.
Mothers
Love
Research Personnel
Psychology
Eye
Deception
The list of medical terms above are retrieved automatically from the article.

Disclaimer: The text presented on this page is not a substitute for professional medical advice. It is for your information only and may not represent your true individual medical situation. Do not hesitate to consult your healthcare provider if you have any questions or concerns. Do not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting a qualified healthcare professional.
Be advised that HealthDay articles are derived from various sources and may not reflect your own country regulations. The Health On the Net Foundation does not endorse opinions, products, or services that may appear in HealthDay articles.


Inicio img Sobre nosotros img Rincón de la prensa img Boletín HON img Mapa del sitio img Política ética img Contactos