bannerHON
img
HONnews
HONnews
img PATIENT / PARTICULIER img PROFESSIONNEL DE SANTE img WEBMESTRE img
img
 
img
HONcode sites
Khresmoi - new !
HONselect
News
Conferences
Images

Themes:
A B C D E F G H I
J K L M N O P Q
R S T U V W X Y Z
Browse archive:
2014: D N O S A J J M A M F J
2013: D

 
  Other news for:
Mental Health
 Resources from HONselect
Chimpanzees Show Strong Musical Preferences
Varied rhythms of music from Africa, India draw their interest, researchers report

By Robert Preidt

FRIDAY, June 27, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Like humans, chimpanzees appear to have strong musical preferences, researchers report.

Chimpanzees seem to like the rhythm of music from Africa and India, but they try to avoid Japanese music.

The findings may help improve understanding of how people's musical preferences evolved, according to the authors of the study in the June 23 online issue of the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition.

"Our objective was not to find a preference for different cultures' music. We used cultural music from Africa, India and Japan to pinpoint specific acoustic properties," study co-author Frans de Waal, of Emory University, said in a journal news release.

"Past research has focused only on Western music and has not addressed the very different acoustic features of non-Western music. While nonhuman primates have previously indicated a preference among music choices, they have consistently chosen silence over the types of music previously tested," said de Waal.

The researchers played African, Indian and Japanese music to chimps in large outdoor enclosures. When the African and Indian music was playing, the chimps spent much more time in areas where they could best hear the music.

When the Japanese music was played, the chimps spent more time in locations where it was difficult or nearly impossible to hear the music.

The Japanese music had regular strong beats, which is also typical of Western music. Previous research has shown that chimps prefer silence to Western music. The African and Indian music played in the study had extreme ratios of strong to weak beats.

"Chimpanzees may perceive the strong, predictable rhythmic patterns as threatening, as chimpanzee dominance displays commonly incorporate repeated rhythmic sounds such as stomping, clapping and banging objects," de Waal said.

The findings offer "compelling evidence that our shared evolutionary histories may include favoring sounds outside of both humans' and chimpanzees' immediate survival cues," study author Morgan Mingle, of Emory and Southwestern University in Austin, said in the news release.

"Our study highlights the importance of sampling across the gamut of human music to potentially identify features that could have a shared evolutionary root," Mingle noted.

More information

The University of Washington has more about music and the brain.

SOURCE: American Psychological Association, news release, June 26, 2014

Copyright © 2014 HealthDay. All rights reserved. URL:http://consumer.healthday.com/Article.asp?AID=689245

Resources from HONselect: HONselect is the HON's medical search engine. It retrieves scientific articles, images, conferences and web sites on the selected subject.
Research Personnel
Mental Health
The list of medical terms above are retrieved automatically from the article.

Disclaimer: The text presented on this page is not a substitute for professional medical advice. It is for your information only and may not represent your true individual medical situation. Do not hesitate to consult your healthcare provider if you have any questions or concerns. Do not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting a qualified healthcare professional.
Be advised that HealthDay articles are derived from various sources and may not reflect your own country regulations. The Health On the Net Foundation does not endorse opinions, products, or services that may appear in HealthDay articles.


Home img About us img MediaCorner img HON newsletter img Site map img Ethical policies img Contact