bannerHON
img
HONnews
HONnews
img PATIENT / PARTICULIER img PROFESSIONNEL DE SANTE img WEBMESTRE img
img
 
img
HONcode sites
All Web sites
HONselect
News
Conferences
Images

Themes:
A B C D E F G H I
J K L M N O P Q
R S T U V W X Y Z
Browse archive:
2014: A J J M A M F J
2013: D N O S A

 
  Other news for:
Caffeine
Food
Child
Parenting
 Resources from HONselect
Could Energy Drinks Be Wrong Choice for Some Teens?
Unhealthy behaviors may be more common in those who consume the beverages, research suggests

By Brenda Goodman
HealthDay Reporter

TUESDAY, May 6, 2014 (HealthDay News) -- Teens who regularly drink energy and sports drinks tend to engage in some unhealthy behaviors, new research suggests.

"Kids who are consuming energy drinks are more likely to smoke, they're more likely to try other illicit substances, they're more likely to drink alcohol. It's uncertain why there's this association but, certainly, the pattern is there," said Cecile Marczinski, an associate professor of psychological science at Northern Kentucky University.

Marczinski has studied the health effects of energy drinks, but was not involved in the new research. She added that several other recent studies have produced similar findings.

Other unhealthy behaviors that tended to accompany regular consumption of sports and energy drinks included more time watching TV and playing video games, the new study found.

The study, published online May 6 in the Journal of Nutrition, Education and Behavior, is one of the first to show that drinking these kinds of beverages may be part of an overall pattern of unhealthy behaviors, the researchers said.

Sports and energy drink consumption has tripled among teens in recent years, according to a 2013 study in the Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics.

This new study surveyed nearly 2,800 middle and high school students from 20 public schools in the Minneapolis-St. Paul area during the 2009-10 school year.

Researchers asked the kids how often they had sports drinks like Gatorade and Powerade and energy drinks like Red Bull and Rockstar. They also asked about a wide variety of other health and lifestyle habits.

Nearly 40 percent of kids who took the survey drank an energy drink at least once a week. About 15 percent had at least one energy drink each week. Boys were more likely than girls to be regular consumers of either beverage type.

Kids who regularly drank sports drinks were more likely to play organized sports. They were also more likely to get more intense physical activity than those who didn't. But they also spent significantly more time playing video games each week. Boys who regularly consumed sports drinks spent more time watching TV than occasional users, the study found.

Both genders tended to drink more sugar-sweetened beverages overall, and they were more likely to have ever tried cigarettes if they regularly consumed sports drinks.

"Really, sports drinks are only needed for kids who participate in vigorous physical activity in hot, humid weather. Otherwise, if they're being consumed all the time they could be contributing to excess weight gain and tooth decay," said study author Nicole Larson, who is a senior research associate at the University of Minnesota, in Minneapolis.

She says that water is usually the best drink for active kids.

Regular consumers of energy drinks weren't more likely to exercise or play sports than kids who rarely drank the caffeinated beverages. But, they spent significantly more time playing video games. Boys who drank energy drinks averaged about four more hours of video game play weekly, while girls who drank energy drinks played about two more hours each week than occasional users.

Regular energy drink users consumed more sugar-sweetened beverages, and girls who regularly drank energy drinks were more likely to skip breakfast than girls who rarely or never drank them. Regular users of both sexes were more likely to have ever tried cigarettes, the study authors said.

"Energy drinks really don't offer any benefits for teens, and they create a risk for overstimulation of the nervous system. There have been studies linking energy drink consumption in kids this age to seizures, irregular heart rhythms and in rare, cases death," Larson said. "So if parents see some empty cans lying around, that might be a good time to encourage some more positive beverage options."

The American Beverage Association (ABA), which represents beverage manufacturers, said the study has a significant limitation.

"It's important to note that this research, which looks at association only, in no way shows that energy or sports drink consumption in any population causes 'negative' behaviors," said Maureen Beach, director of communications for the ABA.

But some feel the patterns noted in the study are concerning.

"If you think about even 10 years ago, kids didn't really consume high doses of caffeine like they do today. That has changed, and we don't really know the implications of that," Marczinski said.

High doses of caffeine in energy drinks may prompt the brain to look for other kinds of stimulants, either sugar or stronger kinds of stimulants, according to Marczinski.

"That's what the pattern of data is suggesting. You get sensitized on high doses of caffeine and suddenly other stimulants like nicotine from cigarettes are perhaps more appealing," she said.

More information

Read what the American Academy of Pediatrics has to say about sports and energy drinks.

SOURCES: Nicole Larson, Ph.D., senior research associate, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis; Cecile Marczinski, Ph.D., associate professor, psychological science, Northern Kentucky University, Highland Heights, K.Y.; Maureen Beach, director, communications, American Beverage Association; May 6, 2014, Journal of Nutrition, Education, and Behavior, online

Copyright © 2014 HealthDay. All rights reserved. URL:http://consumer.healthday.com/Article.asp?AID=687542

Resources from HONselect: HONselect is the HON's medical search engine. It retrieves scientific articles, images, conferences and web sites on the selected subject.
Behavior
Association
The list of medical terms above are retrieved automatically from the article.

Disclaimer: The text presented on this page is not a substitute for professional medical advice. It is for your information only and may not represent your true individual medical situation. Do not hesitate to consult your healthcare provider if you have any questions or concerns. Do not use this information to diagnose or treat a health problem or disease without consulting a qualified healthcare professional.
Be advised that HealthDay articles are derived from various sources and may not reflect your own country regulations. The Health On the Net Foundation does not endorse opinions, products, or services that may appear in HealthDay articles.


Home img About us img MediaCorner img HON newsletter img Site map img Ethical policies img Contact