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Mediator
Modulator, Immune Modulator, Messenger

An object or substance by which something is mediated, such as :

  1. A structure of the nervous system that transmits impulses eliciting a specific response.
  2. A chemical substance (transmitter substance) that induces activity in an excitable tissue, such as nerve or muscle (e.g. hormones ).
  3. A substance released from cells as the result of an antigen-antibody interaction or by the action of antigen with a sensitized lymphocyte (e.g. cytokine ).

Concerning mediators of Immediate Hypersensitivity , the most important include Histamine , Leukotriene (e.g. SRS-A ), ECF-A , PAF and Serotonin . There also exist three classes of lipid mediators whcih are synthesized by activated mast cells through reactions initiated by the actions of phospholipase A2 . These are Prostaglandins , Leukotrienes and Platelet-activating factors (PAF).

 

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  http://www.hon.ch/Library/Theme/Allergy/Glossary/mediator.html Last modified: Fri Jun 28 2002