The condition in which are produced against the body's own tissues.
An immune response to "self" tissues or components. Such an immune response may have pathological
consequences leading to autoimmune diseases.
A process in which the body's causes illness by mistakenly
attacking healthy cells,
organs, or tissues in the body that are essential to good health. Multiple sclerosis is believed to be an
autoimmune disease, along with , juvenile diabetes, myasthenia gravis, scleroderma,
Graves disease and rheumatoid arthritis.
Immune reactions are nearly always characterised by , which indicates an underlying repair process.
However, in the case of autoimmune diseases, inflammation may be chronic causing tissue damage. For example, in
rheumatoid arthritis chronic inflammation causes the characteristic joint cartilage damage.
The precise origin and pathophysiologic processes of these diseases are unknown.