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Spinal Muscular Atrophies of Childhood
Definition: A group of recessively inherited diseases that feature progressive muscular atrophy and hypotonia. They are classified as type I (Werdnig-Hoffman disease), type II (intermediate form), and type III (Kugelberg-Welander disease). Type I is fatal in infancy, type II has a late infantile onset and is associated with survival into the second or third decade. Type III has its onset in childhood, and is slowly progressive. (J Med Genet 1996 Apr:33(4):281-3)

Synonym(s): HMN Proximal Type I / Infantile Spinal Muscular Atrophy / Juvenile Spinal Muscular Atrophy / Kugelberg-Welander Disease / Muscular Atrophy, Spinal, Infantile / Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Infantile / Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Juvenile / Werdnig-Hoffmann Disease / HMN (Hereditary Motor Neuropathy) Proximal Type I / Muscular Atrophy, Spinal, Type I / Muscular Atrophy, Spinal, Type II / Muscular Atrophy, Spinal, Type III / Proximal Hereditary Motor Neuropathy Type I / Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type I / Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type II / Spinal Muscular Atrophy Type III / Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type I / Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type II / Spinal Muscular Atrophy, Type III / Type I Spinal Muscular Atrophy / Type II Spinal Muscular Atrophy / Type III Spinal Muscular Atrophy / Werdnig Hoffman Disease / Disease, Kugelberg-Welander / Disease, Werdnig Hoffman / Disease, Werdnig-Hoffmann / Diseases, Werdnig Hoffman / Hoffman Disease, Werdnig / Hoffman Diseases, Werdnig / Kugelberg Welander Disease / Werdnig Hoffman Diseases / Werdnig Hoffmann Disease
MeSH 2010 © U.S. National Library of Medicine®.
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  Web resources for "Spinal Muscular Atrophies of Childhood"
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view the robot description of the site Spinal Muscular Atrophy type I Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Causes - RightDiagnosis.comwww.wrongdiagnosis.com 4
view the HON description of the site HONcode - Spinal muscular atrophy - Genetics Home Referenceghr.nlm.nih.gov  
view the robot description of the site rare-diseases — National Organization for Rare Disorderswww.rarediseases.org 2
view the HON description of the site HONcode - sp - sp Medical Dictionary Index (page 8)www.drugs.com  
view the robot description of the site Families of Spinal Muscular Atrophy - linkswww.fsma.org 23
view the robot description of the site Spinal Muscular Atrophy Information Page: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)www.ninds.nih.gov 2
view the robot description of the site Whonamedit - Wohlfart-Kugelberg-Welander syndromewww.whonamedit.com  
view the robot description of the site Diseases | MDAwww.mda.org  
 
 

Broader term(s): - Muscular Atrophy, Spinal - Spinal Cord Diseases - Central Nervous System Diseases - Nervous System Diseases - Neurodegenerative Diseases

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Broader term(s): - Muscular Atrophy, Spinal - Spinal Cord Diseases - Nervous System Diseases
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Broader term(s): - Nervous System Diseases

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Broader term(s): - Muscular Atrophy, Spinal - Spinal Cord Diseases - Central Nervous System Diseases - Nervous System Diseases - Neurodegenerative Diseases

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Subheadings: complications / diagnosis / embryology / epidemiology / etiology / metabolism / microbiology / surgery / therapy


  Broader term(s):
      Diseases
          Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities
              Genetic Diseases, Inborn
                  Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System 
      Diseases
          Nervous System Diseases
              Neuromuscular Diseases
                  Muscular Atrophy, Spinal 
                  Motor Neuron Disease
                      Muscular Atrophy, Spinal 
              Neurodegenerative Diseases
                  Motor Neuron Disease
                      Muscular Atrophy, Spinal 
      Diseases
          Nervous System Diseases
              Neurodegenerative Diseases
                  Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System 
              Central Nervous System Diseases
                  Spinal Cord Diseases
                      Muscular Atrophy, Spinal 

MeSH 2010 © U.S. National Library of Medicine®.

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