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Neuroaxonal Dystrophies
Definition: A nonspecific term referring both to the pathologic finding of swelling of distal portions of axons in the brain and to disorders which feature this finding. Neuroaxonal dystrophy is seen in various genetic diseases, vitamin deficiencies, and aging. Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy is an autosomal recessive disease characterized by arrested psychomotor development at 6 months to 2 years of age, ataxia, brain stem dysfunction, and quadriparesis. Juvenile and adult forms also occur. Pathologic findings include brain atrophy and widespread accumulation of axonal spheroids throughout the neuroaxis, peripheral nerves, and dental pulp. (From Davis & Robertson, Textbook of Neuropathology, 2nd ed, p927)

Synonym(s): Neuroaxonal Dystrophy, Juvenile / Seitelberger's Disease / Adult Neuroaxonal Dystrophy / Infantile Neuroaxonal Dystrophy / Juvenile Neuroaxonal Dystrophy / Late Infantile Neuroaxonal Dystrophy / Neuroaxonal Dystrophy, Adult / Neuroaxonal Dystrophy, Infantile / Neuroaxonal Dystrophy, Late Infantile / Adult Neuroaxonal Dystrophies / Disease, Seitelberger's / Dystrophies, Adult Neuroaxonal / Dystrophies, Infantile Neuroaxonal / Dystrophies, Juvenile Neuroaxonal / Dystrophies, Neuroaxonal / Dystrophy, Adult Neuroaxonal / Dystrophy, Infantile Neuroaxonal / Dystrophy, Juvenile Neuroaxonal / Dystrophy, Neuroaxonal / Infantile Neuroaxonal Dystrophies / Juvenile Neuroaxonal Dystrophies / Neuroaxonal Dystrophies, Adult / Neuroaxonal Dystrophies, Infantile / Neuroaxonal Dystrophies, Juvenile / Neuroaxonal Dystrophy / Seitelberger Disease / Seitelbergers Disease

Narrow term(s):
   Pantothenate Kinase-Associated Neurodegeneration

MeSH 2010 © U.S. National Library of Medicine®.
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  More information from the Genetics Home Reference Website
What is infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy?
Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy is a disorder that primarily affects the nervous system. Individuals with infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy typically do not have any symptoms at birth, but between the ages of about 6 and 18 months they begin to experience delays in acquiring new motor and intellectual skills, such as crawling or beginning to speak. Eventually they lose previously acquired skills. In some cases, signs and symptoms of infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy first appear later in childhood or during the teenage years and progress more slowly.
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How common is infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy?
Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophy is a very rare disorder. Its specific incidence is unknown.


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  Web resources for "Neuroaxonal Dystrophies"
  English (6)  French (2)  German (1)        

= Site with HON description   -   = Site with a robot description
info: enter the site: (click below) domain of the site:  
view the robot description of the site Infantile Neuroaxonal Dystrophy Information Page: National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)www.ninds.nih.gov  
view the HON description of the site HONcode - Orphanet: Infantile neuroaxonal dystrophywww.orpha.net 4
view the robot description of the site Whonamedit - Seitelberger's disease IIwww.whonamedit.com 2
view the HON description of the site HONcode - Browse Conditions - Genetics Home Referenceghr.nlm.nih.gov 3
view the robot description of the site Rare Disease Database — National Organization for Rare Disorderswww.rarediseases.org 2
view the robot description of the site Child Health and Paediatric Medicine Hyperlinks - Your Childs Healthwww.yourchildshealth.nhs.uk  
 
 
Broader term(s): - Brain Diseases - Central Nervous System Diseases - Nervous System Diseases
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  Medical image(s) for "Neuroaxonal Dystrophies"
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Broader term(s): - Nervous System Diseases
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  Medical News for "Neuroaxonal Dystrophies"
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Broader term(s): - Nervous System Diseases

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  Scientific articles from MEDLINE for "Neuroaxonal Dystrophies"
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Subheadings: complications / diagnosis / embryology / epidemiology / etiology / metabolism / microbiology / surgery / therapy

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Subheadings: complications / diagnosis / embryology / epidemiology / etiology / metabolism / microbiology / surgery / therapy


  Broader term(s):
      Diseases
          Nervous System Diseases
              Central Nervous System Diseases
                  Brain Diseases 

MeSH 2010 © U.S. National Library of Medicine®.

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