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Tourette Syndrome
Definition: A neuropsychological disorder related to alterations in DOPAMINE metabolism and neurotransmission involving frontal-subcortical neuronal circuits. Both multiple motor and one or more vocal tics need to be present with TICS occurring many times a day, nearly daily, over a period of more than one year. The onset is before age 18 and the disturbance is not due to direct physiological effects of a substance or a general medical condition. The disturbance causes marked distress or significant impairment in social, occupational, or other important areas of functioning. (From DSM-IV, 1994; Neurol Clin 1997 May;15(2):357-79)

Synonym(s): Gilles de la Tourette's Disease / Tic Disorder, Combined Vocal and Multiple Motor / Combined Multiple Motor and Vocal Tic Disorder / Combined Vocal and Multiple Motor Tic Disorder / Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome / Multiple Motor and Vocal Tic Disorder, Combined / Tourette Disease / Tourette Disorder / Tourette's Disease / Tourette's Disorder / Tourette's Syndrome / Syndrome, Tourette's / Tourettes Disease / Tourettes Disorder / Tourettes Syndrome
See also:
Tics   

MeSH 2010 © U.S. National Library of Medicine®.
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  More information from the Genetics Home Reference Website
What is Tourette syndrome?
Tourette syndrome is a complex disorder characterized by repetitive, sudden, and involuntary movements or noises called tics. Tics usually appear in childhood, and their severity varies over time. In most cases, tics become milder and less frequent in late adolescence and adulthood.
Tourette syndrome involves both motor tics, which are uncontrolled body movements, and vocal or phonic tics, which are outbursts of sound. Some motor tics are simple and involve only one muscle group. Simple motor tics, such as rapid eye blinking, shoulder shrugging, or nose twitching ...

How common is Tourette syndrome?
Tourette syndrome is a relatively common disorder. Although its exact incidence is uncertain, it is estimated to affect 1 to 10 in 1,000 children. This disorder occurs in populations and ethnic groups worldwide, and is more common in males than in females.


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  Web resources for "Tourette Syndrome"
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view the robot description of the site Tourette Syndrome Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatments and Causes - RightDiagnosis.comwww.wrongdiagnosis.com  
view the HON description of the site HONcode - http://www.healthatoz.com/healthatoz/Ato...www.healthatoz.com  
view the robot description of the site MysonSeanmysonsean.homestead.com  
view the robot description of the site TSA Tourette Syndrome Association News Headlineswww.tsa-usa.org 3
view the HON description of the site HONcode - Tourette Syndrome www.kidshealth.org 3
view the HON description of the site HONcode - Tourette syndrome - Genetics Home Referenceghr.nlm.nih.gov 2
view the robot description of the site Tourette's Syndrome (Gilles de la Tourette Syndrome; Tics)www.virtualpsychcentre.com 3
view the HON description of the site HONcode - Tourette Syndrome: MedlinePluswww.nlm.nih.gov 7
view the robot description of the site Recognition and Management of Tourette's Syndrome and Tic Disorders - April 15, 1999 - American Family Physicianwww.aafp.org 2
view the robot description of the site Life's A Twitch! Tourettes Syndrome & Tics Site by Dr. B. Duncan McKinlay, C.Psych.www.lifesatwitch.com  
view the HON description of the site HONcode - Topamax Hair Loss - Transitional Cell Carcinoma Treatment Articleswww.emedtv.com  
view the HON description of the site HONcode - Gilles de la Tourette syndromewww.healthcentral.com 2
view the HON description of the site HONcode - Tics and Tourette Syndrome | Overview -- FamilyDoctor.orgfamilydoctor.org 2
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See also: - Tics

Broader term(s): - Basal Ganglia Diseases - Brain Diseases - Central Nervous System Diseases - Nervous System Diseases - Tic Disorders - Movement Disorders - Neurodegenerative Diseases
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  Medical image(s) for "Tourette Syndrome"
click below to enlargeSymptoms: involuntary body movements and vocal outbursts (Tics) for at least 12 months.
www.tourettes-disorder.com
Copyright © Tourette Syndrome Information Guide Symptoms: involuntary body movements and vocal outbursts (Tics) for at least 12 months.
click below to enlargeTourette Syndrome
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Copyright © UAB Health System Tourette Syndrome
Broader term(s): - Brain Diseases - Nervous System Diseases
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  Medical News for "Tourette Syndrome"
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Broader term(s): - Nervous System Diseases

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  Scientific articles from MEDLINE for "Tourette Syndrome"
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  Clinical Trials for "Tourette Syndrome"
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See also: - Tics

Broader term(s): - Basal Ganglia Diseases - Brain Diseases - Central Nervous System Diseases - Nervous System Diseases - Tic Disorders - Movement Disorders - Neurodegenerative Diseases

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Broader term(s): - Movement Disorders

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Subheadings: complications / diagnosis / embryology / epidemiology / etiology / metabolism / microbiology / surgery / therapy


  Broader term(s):
      Psychiatry and Psychology
          Mental Disorders
              Mental Disorders Diagnosed in Childhood
                  Tic Disorders 
      Diseases
          Congenital, Hereditary, and Neonatal Diseases and Abnormalities
              Genetic Diseases, Inborn
                  Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System 
      Diseases
          Nervous System Diseases
              Neurodegenerative Diseases
                  Heredodegenerative Disorders, Nervous System 
              Central Nervous System Diseases
                  Movement Disorders
                      Tic Disorders 
                  Brain Diseases
                      Basal Ganglia Diseases 

MeSH 2010 © U.S. National Library of Medicine®.

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