Type : A service of the National Library of Medicine, and the National Institutes of Health
Internet address : http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/
Languages : English & Spanish
Source(s) of funding for development : U.S. Government
Objective: MedlinePlus is designed to help you find appropriate, authoritative health information. To do this, they provide access to information produced by the National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health, such as searches of MEDLINE, the database that indexes medical literature, and ClinicalTrials.gov, the database of research studies from the National Institutes of Health. It is Health Topic pages on over 650 diseases and conditions from Alzheimer's Disease to West Nile Virus. They also provide you with a database of full-text drug information, an illustrated medical encyclopaedia, a medical dictionary, interactive health tutorials, and the latest health news.
Selection Guidelines: Main Criteria: quality, authority and accuracy of content; the primary purpose of the web page is educational and not to sell a product or service. Most content is available at no charge; availability and maintenance of the web page.
The focus is on organizing the full-text publications produced by the NIH Institutes and other federal government organizations. There is also link to other web sites.
Detailed selection guidelines used in evaluating links to web pages:
Quality, authority and accuracy of content
Availability and maintenance of the web page
Type: A free Certification System developed by Health On the Net (HON), a Non-Governmental and Non-profit Organization
Internet address: http://www.hon.ch/HONcode/Patients/Conduct.html
Languages: It has been translated and is in use in 34 different language versions
Sources of funding for development: Direction générale de la santé, Département de l'Action Sociale et de Santé (DASS - République et canton de Genève, Switzerland), Geneva University Hospital, and the European Commission.
The Health On the Net Foundation HONcode is a code of ethical conduct for web site operators which aims to protect citizens from false or misleading health or medical information. Consultations brought together webmasters, citizens and experts, who reached consensus on an 8-point code now in use by over 6,800 web sites.
The qualifying web sites would form a ‘confidence-space’, where citizens could safely explore their information options. A neutral, intelligent third party was needed to provide this context from which the notions of trustworthiness and confidence could be derived.
Selection Guidelines: The certification is based on the HONcode 8 principles which address: the authority of the information provided, data confidentiality and privacy, proper attribution of sources, transparency of financial sponsorship and the importance of clearly separating advertising from editorial content.
The request for certification is voluntary (Requests are handled through
the HON Web site). Site administrators must take the initiative to apply
for HONcode certification. Then each request for certification is examined
by a member of the HONcode review team. HON makes a thorough visit of
the site and verifies that all eight of the HONcode
ethical principles are respected. The site is certified by HON when the site not only complies
with the HONcode principles but also demonstrates how each principle
is implemented. As the result of the HONcode certification the site which
is found to respect the eight HONcode principles is given a unique ’active
seal’ to place on their pages.
Type: Educative, developed by the Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Rouen
Internet address: http://www.cismef.org/
Source(s) of funding for development: Ministère français de la Recherche, l'Agence Universitaire de la Francophonie
Selection Guidelines: CISMeF uses the main criteria (e.g. source, description, disclosure, last update) of the Net Scoring to assess the quality of health information on the Internet. There are 49 criteria, which fall into eight categories: credibility, content, hyperlinks, design, interactivity, quantitative aspects, ethics and accessibility. All the criteria were chosen by an expert consensus.
The objective of CISMeF (French acronym for Catalog and Index of French-language health resources) is to describe and index the main French-language health resources to assist health professionals and consumers in their search for electronic information available on the Internet.
CISMeF uses two standard tools for organizing information: the Medline bibliographic database MeSH thesaurus and several metadata element sets, including the Dublin Core. Resources included in CISMeF are described by the following: title, author or creator, subject and keywords, description, publisher, date, resource type, format, identifier, and language. To index resources, CISMeF uses four different concepts: "meta-term", keyword, subheading, and resource type. CISMeF contains a thematic index, including medical specialities and an alphabetic index.
The main health areas of the indexed resources in CISMeF are:
Type: A free service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), through its National Library of Medicine (NLM), developed in collaboration with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), as a result of the FDA Modernization Act, which was passed into law in November 1997.
Internet address: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov/
Source(s) of funding for development: U.S. Government
Objective: ClinicalTrials.gov offers up-to-date information for locating federally and privately supported clinical trials for a wide range of diseases and conditions. A clinical trial (also clinical research) is a research study in human volunteers to answer specific health questions. Interventional trials determine whether experimental treatments or new ways of using known therapies are safe and effective under controlled environments. Observational trials address health issues in large groups of people or populations in natural settings.
ClinicalTrials.gov facilitates registration of trials in accordance with the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE) initiative requiring prior entry of clinical trials in a public registry as a condition for publication.
Internet address: http://www.pubmed.gov/
Internet address: http://www.hon.ch/HONsearch/Patients/medhunt.html
Objective: MedHunt is a HON service that actively promotes effective Internet use and seeks to demonstrate best-in-class implementation and application. MedHunt consists of an intelligent and specialised search engine designed to locate Internet information related to a given medical and health domain.
MARVIN searches the Web and selects only documents that are relevant to the health and medical fields. Document relevance is computed according to a formula that takes into consideration the number of words from the medical dictionary that are found in the document, as well as their associated weights. MARVIN uses a purpose-built medical dictionary of 20,000 words plus the 33,000 Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) from the National Library of Medicine, U.S.A. to retrieve automatically the unreviewed sites. Each word has been given a weight describing its relevance and specificity in documents for health and medicine. The weightings have been obtained by performing a statistical evaluation of all words contained in a preselected set of 1,000 medical documents.
Type: PubMed Central (PMC) is the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH) free digital archive of biomedical and life sciences journal literature.
Internet address: http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/
Source(s) of funding for development: U.S. Government
Objective: PubMed Central is a digital archive of life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH), developed and managed by NIH's National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) in the National Library of Medicine (NLM). With PubMed Central, NLM is taking the lead in preserving and maintaining unrestricted access to the electronic literature, just as it has done for decades with the printed biomedical literature. PubMed Central aims to fill the role of a world-class library in the digital age. It is not a journal publisher.
Selection Guidelines: Participation in PubMed Central is open to any English-language life sciences journal that meets NLM's standards for the archive. A journal must qualify on two levels: on the scientific and editorial quality of its content, and on the technical quality of its digital files http://www.pubmedcentral.gov/about/pubinfo.html .
Objective: The FDA is responsible for protecting the public health by assuring the safety, efficacy, and security of human and veterinary drugs, biological products, medical devices, our nation’s food supply, cosmetics, and products that emit radiation. The FDA is also responsible for advancing the public health by helping to speed innovations that make medicines and foods more effective, safer, and more affordable; and helping the public get the accurate, science-based information they need to use medicines and foods to improve their health.
Selection Guidelines: FDA is dedicated to:
In keeping with this commitment and in accordance with Public Law 106-554 and Office of Management and Budget requirements, HHS and FDA have developed information quality guidelines establishing quality assurance policies, standards, and processes. The HHS guidelines are available at http://www.hhs.gov/infoquality/. The FDA guidelines are at http://www.hhs.gov/infoquality/fda.html.
Type: free database of scientific articles from the French Urology Association « L'Association Française d'Urologie (A.F.U.) ».
: Members of the French Urology Association
The society aims to promote the research, teaching and good practice in the affections of the urinary tract in the two sexes. : The articles are peer-reviewed by an editorial community of experts in urology and published in their annual conference proceeding.