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Developmental Milestones in the First Year

Although no two children grow at the same rate, experts agree that there are normal signs of development. The table below will provides a checklist of important milestones in your child's development during the first year of life.
Watch for these signs in your child over a one month period. Remember, each child is different and may learn and grow at a different rate. However, if your child cannot do many of the skills listed for his or her age group, you should consult your paediatrician.
Also, please not that this table is meant to give you an idea of normal development and is not a formal, standardised measurement tool.

For further information on this table and for further additional sources of information, please contact the source for this information.

3 months
6 months
12 months
Motor Skills
  • Lifts head when held at your shoulder
  • Lifts head and chest when lying on his stomach
  • Turns head from side to side when lying on his stomach
  • Follows a moving object or person with his eyes
  • Often holds hands open or loosely fisted
  • Grasps rattle when given to her
  • Wiggles and kicks with arms and legs
  • Holds head steady when sitting with your help
  • Reachs for and grasp objects
  • Play with his toes
  • Helps hold the bottle during feeding
  • Explores by mouthing and banging objects
  • Move toys from one hand to another
  • Shakes a rattle
  • Pulls up to a sitting position on her own if you grasp her hands
  • Sits with only a little support
  • Sits in a high chair
  • Rolls over
  • Bounces when held in a standing position
  • Drink from a cup with help
  • Feeds herself finger food like raisins or bread crumbs
  • Grasps small objects by using her thumb and index or forefinger
  • Uses his first finger to poke or point
  • Puts small blocks in and take them out of a container
  • Knocks two blocks together
  • Sits well without support
  • Crawls on hands and knees
  • Pulls himself to stand or takes steps holding onto furniture
  • Stands alone momentarily
  • Walks with one hand held
  • Cooperates with dressing by offering a foot or an arm
Sensory and Thinking Skills
  • Turns head toward bright colours and lights
  • Turns toward the sound of a human voice
  • Recognises bottle or breast
  • Responds to your shaking a rattle or bell
  • Opens his mouth for the spoon
  • Imitates familiar actions you perform
  • Copies sounds and actions you make
  • Responds to music with body motion
  • Trys to accomplish simple goals (seeing and then crawling to a toy)
  • Looks for an object she watched fall out of sight (such as a spoon that falls under the table)

Language and Social Skills

  • Makes cooing, gurgling sounds
  • Smiles when smiled at
  • Communicates hunger, fear, discomfort (through crying or facial expression)
  • Usually quietens down at the sound of a soothing voice or when held
  • Anticipates being lifted
  • Reacts to "peek-a-boo" games
  • Babbles, making almost sing-song sounds
  • Knows familiar faces
  • Laughs and squeals with delight
  • Screams if annoyed
  • Smiles at herself in a mirror
  • Babbles, but it sometimes "sounds like" talking
  • Says his first word
  • Recognises family members' names
  • Trys to "talk" with you
  • Responds to another's distress by showing distress or crying
  • Shows affection to familiar adults
  • Shows mild to severe anxiety at separation from parent
  • Shows apprehension about strangers
  • Raises her arms when she wants to be picked up
  • Understands simple commands
Source [ 1 ]

The information in this page is presented in summarised form and has been taken from the following source(s):
1. Powell, J. and Smith, C.A. (1994). " The 1st year". In Developmental milestones: A guide for parents . Manhattan, KS: Kansas State University Cooperative Extension Service. Reproduced from the National Network for Child Care - NNCC. Online at: http://www.nncc.org/Child.Dev/mile1.html


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  http://www.hon.ch/Dossier/MotherChild/postnatal/milestones.html Last modified: Jun 25 2002