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Viral Infections in Childhood: Rubella

Description

Rubella Virus : The type (and only) species of RUBIVIRUS causing acute infection in humans, primarily children and young adults. Humans are the only natural host. A live, attenuated vaccine is available for prophylaxis. [1]

Rubella : An acute, usually benign, infectious disease caused by the RUBELLA VIRUS and most often affecting children and nonimmune young adults, in which the virus enters the respiratory tract via droplet nuclei and spreads to the lymphatic system. (From Dorland, 27th edition) [1]

Rubella Syndrome, Congenital : Transplacental infection of the fetus with rubella usually in the first trimester of pregnancy, as a consequence of maternal infection, resulting in various developmental abnormalities in the newborn infant. They include cardiac and ocular lesions, deafness, microcephaly, mental retardation, and generalized growth retardation. (From Dorland, 27th ed) [1]

Rubella Vaccine : A live attenuated virus vaccine of duck embryo or human diploid cell tissue culture origin, used for routine immunization of children and for immunization of nonpregnant adolescent and adult females of childbearing age who are unimmunized and do not have serum antibodies to rubella. Children are usually immunized with measles-mumps-rubella combination vaccine. (Dorland, 28th ed) [1]

[1] MeSH 2001 © National Library of Medicine


Other HON resources 
   From MedHunt
    (websites)


German Measles
Rubella
    From HONselect
     (def;articles & more)   

Rubella Virus
Rubella:
(www.lib.uiowa.edu)

Rubella Syndrome, Congenital
Rubella Vaccine

    Recent articles
       from
Medline

Rubella Virus
Rubella
Rubella Syndrome, Congenital
Rubella Vaccine
 

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  http://www.hon.ch/Dossier/MotherChild/child_virus/virus_rubella.html Last modified: Jun 25 2002