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Viral Infections in Childhood: Chickenpox

Description

Chickenpox : A highly contagious infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (HERPESVIRUS 3, HUMAN). It usually affects children, is spread by direct contact or respiratory route via droplet nuclei, and is characterized by the appearance on the skin and mucous membranes of successive crops of typical pruritic vesicular lesions that are easily broken and become scabbed. Chickenpox is relatively benign in children, but may be complicated by pneumonia and encephalitis in adults. (From Dorland, 27th ed) [1]

Herpesvirus 3, Human : The type species of VARICELLOVIRUS causing CHICKENPOX (varicella) and HERPES ZOSTER (shingles) in humans. [1]

Chickenpox Vaccine : A live, attenuated varicella virus vaccine used for immunization against chickenpox. It is recommended for children between the ages of 12 months and 13 years. [1]

[1] MeSH 2001 © National Library of Medicine


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  http://www.hon.ch/Dossier/MotherChild/child_virus/virus_chickenpox.html Last modified: Jun 25 2002