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Gastrointestinal Disorders in Childhood

The most common gastrointestinal problems in children are Infectious Gastroenteritis (of the digestive system; stomach, intestines, etc.) and Pinworm . H. Pylori is another gastrointestinal problem that can affect children.
On this page we look at Infectious Gastroenteritis.

Infectious Gastroenteritis

Description

Diarrhea, Infantile :

Gastroenteritis :

Diarrhea : Passage of excessively liquid or excessively frequent stools. [1]

Salmonella Infections : Infections with bacteria of the genus SALMONELLA. [1]

Shigella : A genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria that ferments sugar without gas production. Its organisms are intestinal pathogens of man and other primates and cause bacillary dysentery (DYSENTERY, BACILLARY). [1]

Campylobacter Infections : Infections with bacteria of the genus CAMPYLOBACTER. [1]

Escherichia coli O157 : A verocytotoxin-producing serogroup belonging to the O subfamily of Escherichia coli which has been shown to cause severe food-borne disease. Recently, a strain from this serogroup, serotype H7 which produces Shiga-like toxins, has been linked to human disease outbreaks resulting from contamination of foods from bovine origin. This serogroup causes hemorrhagic and HEMOLYTIC-UREMIC SYNDROME and predominantly hemorrhagic diarrhea and GASTROENTERITIS in children. [1]

Escherichia coli Infections : Infections with bacteria of the species ESCHERICHIA COLI. [1]

Giardia lamblia : A species of parasitic protozoa that attaches itself to the intestinal mucosa and feeds on mucous secretions. The organism is roughly pear-shaped and motility is somewhat erratic, with a slow oscillation about the long axis. Considered for many years to be non-pathogenic and often found in completely asymptomatic individuals, there is presently strong evidence for its pathogenic potential. [1]

Cryptosporidium : A genus of coccidian parasites of the family CRYPTOSPORIDIIDAE, found in the intestinal epithelium of many vertebrates including humans. [1]

Rotavirus Infections : Infection with any of the rotaviruses. Specific infections include human infantile diarrhea, neonatal calf diarrhea, and epidemic diarrhea of infant mice. [1]

Hemolytic-Uremic Syndrome : Syndrome of hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute renal failure, with pathological finding of thrombotic microangiopathy in kidney and renal cortical necrosis. [1]

[1] MeSH 2001 © National Library of Medicine


Other HON resources 
   From MedHunt
    (websites)


Infectious Gastroenteritis
Pinworm Infection
 

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  http://www.hon.ch/Dossier/MotherChild/child_gastro/child_gastro.html Last modified: Jun 25 2002